Hedge fund guys aren’t well-liked, which I find interesting. Most people don’t even know what a hedge fund is. And if they knew, they probably wouldn’t care. Who cares about running money for Richie Rich?
Obviously, it’s not that simplistic—hedge funds manage institutional money, which is a lot bigger than just high net worth individuals. But the business of running institutional money is a lot different than the business of running retail money. For sure, it can be more rewarding. But most of the time, it isn’t.
Of course I have thought about starting a hedge fund. Any good investor worth his salt has thought about hanging up a shingle. And 10-15 years ago, it was a lot simpler. Now, it is a nightmare.
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First, passive is taking over the world, and all hedge funds will be out of business.
Second, big hedge funds get more and more assets, and small ones get shut out.
The mechanics of it are insane. You have to get a legal team to fill out a Form ADV, and take care of piles of paperwork, MIFID nonsense, compliance, back office, prime brokerage, and fund accounting.
Then there’s the hardest part of all: fundraising. People are just not in a hurry to cut checks to young, smart, ambitious people with unique ideas about how the markets work. Because most of those ideas are not terribly unique.
And you have to be able to articulate what your investment strategy would be. Which is hard! What would my investment strategy be? Well, I use behavioral analysis and economic blah blah… I buy when everyone else is selling, yabba dabba doo.
Whatever you think of Ray Dalio and George Soros, not only do they have an investment philosophy, they have a philosophy of life, and their investment strategy springs from philosophy. They have books about it, both of which are fairly impenetrable. These are people who spend a lot more time than me thinking about investing, and I think about it a lot.
Starting a hedge fund in this environment is the hardest thing in the world. I would never attempt it. Yet people do.
Index funds do not care if you make money. All they care about is that they get more assets and the market goes up. I literally do not understand all the virtue signaling around indexing.
Actively managed mutual funds don’t really care if you make money… all they care about is that you make more money than if you had invested in an index fund. Which is something.
Hedge funds care a lot if you make money. Because if you make money, they make money. Everyone’s interests are aligned! Of course, there has been a lot of fee compression in the hedge fund business—that’s capitalism—but the business model is such that if you can raise money and earn money, you could potentially make a sick amount of money. People give up good jobs to have this optionality.
Yes, sometimes the system seems rigged to reward fundraising over performance. The really big publicly traded fund complexes are often stuck in the single digit returns, while the dude running $40mm in his underwear just made 80%. Fundraising and investing are two different skills, and rarely co-occur in the same person.
I know dozens of hedge fund managers, perhaps hundreds. All of them have told me the same thing. They feel personally wounded when they lose money in their fund, because they feel like they have let their investors down. It keeps them up at night. This is why running a hedge fund is a 24/7 job—you feel like you can always be working on something to improve your returns.
But that doesn’t fit the stereotype, does it? Someone says the word “hedge fund guy” and what is the first image that pops into your head? A guy in Prada shoes skipping the line at Marquee? There is a lot less of that nowadays. Believe me when I tell you that some of the brightest people in the world are out there trying to raise money for a fund, and can’t do it.
Music for the Masses
Most readers will probably never come in contact with a hedge fund, let alone invest in one. But would you want to, if you could?
Why would you, when Vanguard pukes out 20% a year? Because when you invest in an index, you get the volatility of the index—as everyone learned a few weeks ago. Hedge funds are supposed to manage volatility, not amplify it. Professional money management manages volatility, and manages drawdowns. Because if you don’t stay invested, you can’t keep compounding.
I sincerely hope that someday the SEC makes hedge funds available to all investors. Everyone can benefit from these strategies. And the traditional long-short equity fund is a lot less exotic than a double-inverse volatility ETN.
Goldman Sachs CEO Lloyd Blankfein took all kinds of guff for saying that he and other bankers were doing “God’s work.” I’m actually going to lightly endorse his comments in the context of hedge funds, while leaving God out of it. Hedge funds, in the process of trying to get stupidly rich, do a lot more to enhance price discovery than any other financial actor. The crazy market efficiency that people enjoy is largely due to unregulated private investment partnerships. Not to mention helping investors big and small realize their goals.
It’s true—the conventional wisdom is pretty much wrong about everything.
Hedge Fund Guys at the SIC 2018
Going to be a lot of professional money managers at this year’s Strategic Investment Conference—Jeffrey Gundlach, John Burbank, David Rosenberg, and others.
If you want to hear about what’s keeping them up at night, you should check out the SIC Virtual Pass. For the first time, you get access to video recordings of every session, so you can watch them when you want. You can also watch it live, ask questions, look through transcripts, and lots of other stuff. The Virtual Pass has always been a great way to benefit from the SIC without being there, but this year’s is the best yet.
It costs a lot less than a ticket to the conference, and you’ll get to hear all of the investment ideas, predictions, and discussions on what’s happening in the markets. It’s a great deal. Find out more and sign up for your Virtual Pass here.
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