A friend of mine from a former life resurfaced and asked if I would look at his portfolio, which I was happy to do.
I felt a bit like an emergency room doctor who looks at a patient and can immediately diagnose a very obvious problem, like, his arm is missing.
My friend started out years ago with a small position in Apple, which turned into a very large position in Apple. What was once 2% of his portfolio was now 40% of his portfolio. Basically, his entire retirement was tied to Apple’s fate. People believe in Apple, but it’s still one company—fallible and prone to stupid behavior, like all large organizations are.
So the obvious solution is to rebalance the Apple holding. Sell Apple, and buy other stuff (which we will get to in a second).
People have a tough time rebalancing. A stock does really well for them, and they get attached to it. This is known as endowment effect. People have no problem selling small winners, but they have a hard time selling big winners—even when that position has reached a trillion-plus market cap and probably doesn’t have a lot of growth left in it.
Even when that position has basically become systematic, undiversifiable market risk.
Even when, if you told people they were holding an index, they would probably sell. Psychologically, people just can’t do it when they’re attached to the company.
A portfolio is like your landscaping. You have to tend to it every once in a while or it gets overgrown.
You shouldn’t wait to rebalance once every fifteen years. Once every 1-3 years will probably suffice.
Anyway, I wasn’t done playing portfolio doctor. There was one other big, glaring problem.
I said to my friend, you are 45 years old. So let’s round up to 50. That means that you should have a 50% allocation to bonds.
My friend had a 2% allocation to bonds.
This is an extreme example—but maybe not! I suspect there are a lot of portfolios out there that look just like this one—dominated by one or two stocks, massively loaded up on equities, very underweight bonds.
The subject of asset allocation is a meaty one, and we’re not going to get deep into it here. But if you’re in your 40s or 50s and you’re rolling around with less than 10% bonds in your account, you have a serious asset allocation problem.
Part of the reason this asset allocation problem exists is because people aren’t rebalancing. If you have a 70/30 portfolio of stocks and bonds, what happens when the stocks grow over time and the bonds don’t? You end up with a 90/10 portfolio, even if that wasn’t your original intent.
Rebalancing is sort of an automatic way to systematically buy low and sell high. By selling your fluffed-up stocks, you can sell high, and buy bonds which are currently low.
Or, you can just buy a balanced fund, which is one-stop-shopping. But some people don’t like to mix their peas and carrots.
Log onto the Brokerage Account and Do It
If you’re not financially-oriented, this might seem hard, and a lot of work. The only thing that’s hard about it is doing something outside of your comfort zone. You had better get used to spending some time outside your comfort zone.
Because this is urgent.
This may sound like a jackass thing to say, but there are few things more important than money. There are few things more important than your level of material comfort in retirement. If you screw this up, and you have to lower your standard of living as a result, it will be an unforced error. An own goal.
I don’t know what’s stopping you from doing it, but you have to log into your brokerage account (click on “forgot password” if necessary), and literally enter buy and sell orders to get everything straightened out.
If you are afraid, or need help, then get help. It is the most important thing you will do this year.
One last thing—if you are a baseball fan (and you are enjoying the playoffs), please check out the latest episode of The Monthly Dirtcast where I interview Matt McGough, former batboy for the New York Yankees. He even wrote a book about it. Tune in.