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Where Will the Jobs Come From?

Where Will the Jobs Come From?

I find myself in Liam's taxi on the beautiful drive to Kilkenny through the Irish countryside for a few hours this very early Friday morning, so what better time to begin writing about employment than in a country that is struggling, just as most of the developed world is, to find good jobs for its people. I'm on my way to a conference that will talk about the economics that is driving the world's leading governments to distraction in Cannes. Is Greece going to vote? Take the money? Will it be an orderly default? Should Ireland default? Whatever I write, the situation will change as soon as I hit the send button tonight. (For the record, I think Greece should have a referendum. You don't go into what they are getting ready to suffer without national buy-in. No elitist deals. Put it to the people to decide, one way or the other.)

Where Will the Jobs Come From?

With seven kids, jobs have been on my mind of late. It has not been easy for some of them. It helps me to remember what it was like to be in my 20s in the '70s and to really struggle to pay the rent and put food on the table for a family. Savings? Hah! And while I have been able to help the kids here and there, back then there was no one to help me. More than a few nights, I woke up with a knot in my stomach, wondering whether to pay rent or make payroll. College did not prepare me for the "joys" of being an entrepreneur.

Interest rates were 18% if you could even find a bank in Texas to lend on hard receivables. Unemployment was north of 8% and sometimes 10%. The Japanese were beating our brains out. It was the Carter malaise years. All my friends were struggling as well, so it seemed normal. Kind of like now.

And I know I have written this before, but it bears repeating. The correct answer then, as it is today, to the question, "Where will the jobs come from?" was "I don't know, but they will." That is what free markets and entrepreneurs do: they create jobs where none existed, given the chance.

And that's how it looks today. This week's ISM and jobs reports augur poorly for employment in the coming months.

Jonathan Tepper (co-author of Endgame) of Variant Perception writes this week:

"Economists miss the start of recessions for two reasons: 1) they focus on coincident to lagging data, and 2) they use data series that are heavily revised, rendering them useless in real time.

"For example, most mainstream economists did not recognize the beginning of the last recession that began in December 2007 until mid-2008. Leading indicators had plunged, yet coincident and lagging data continued to be positive. However, once the data for non-farm payrolls and GDP were revised, the loss of employment and the loss of economic output were much greater than had originally been estimated. In all likelihood, we are seeing a similar dynamic play out today.

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"All of our leading indicators have been pointing down since early spring. Now many unrevised short leading indicators are pointing towards weakness in employment, output and asset prices. The GDP weighted employment reading for ISM services and manufacturing is now clearly below 50. The last times this happened was before the 2001 recession and before the 2008 recession."

You can't read any serious economic analysis of late that does not talk about jobs, whether in Europe or the US or Asia. And not a lot of it is pretty. Politicians offer "plans" for jobs, most of which go to great lengths to illustrate the sympathy they have for people out of work, but without offering any real ideas on how to create meaningful, lasting jobs. Some are actually destructive of jobs, far from creating any (these are of the "I'm from the government and I'm here to help" variety).

I have been having a rather lively email conversation with several serious thought-leaders about what we should do to get us out of the current job malaise. The ideas we are discussing are worth a wider audience, so Bill Dunkelberg, who is the Chief Economist for the National Federation of Independent Businesses and I have decided to write what we hope will be a short book on employment (I know, I have never done a short book yet). How are jobs created? What policies should governments adopt to help create jobs? How do we get back to full employment in the US in a Muddle Through economy that needs at least 125,000 jobs a month just to keep up with population growth? (Today we learned that in October new employment was just 80,000.)

Stupid Government Tricks

The book will be US-centric in its focus, but the policies we will be talking about can be adapted to almost any country. And as long-time readers know, when I start on a book project, some of it tends to leak into the weekly letter; so in between writing about the crisis du jour in Europe, I will give you a small preview of where we are going. I should note that Dunk and I will be getting a little help from our friends, and we want your help in some very specific ways.

First, I know my readers are among the smartest on the net. If you have an idea about how to increase employment, send it to us. Put "jobs" in the subject line.

Also, most of America is familiar with David Letterman's occasional skit called "Stupid Animal Tricks." We want to do a section on government policies that hurt job creation. At all levels, from local to national. Send us your anecdotes and notes on odd rules and laws that destroy jobs and opportunity, rather than create them. Almost everyone has a story about how government is hurting their business. Tell us yours.

And at the same time, what do you see that is working? Why do some states seem to attract businesses and others lose them? Again, send your comments with the subject line "jobs." And, you'll get a footnote if we use your suggestion. (Hey, I love being footnoted!)

In that regard, I call your attention to a column in Thursday's Wall Street Journal by Daniel Henninger about whether Texas Governor Rick Perry (now candidate for president) can take credit for the jobs creation that has been happening in Texas. And the writer's point, and I concur, is that he can only in the sense that he didn't get in the way and did help pass a few bills to make it easier. And you do have to give him credit for being aggressive about luring businesses.

But that has been the case as long as I can remember. Democrat or Republican, Texas governors and politicians in general recognize that businesses drive employment, which drives the economy. In that regard, Perry does "get" what helps create a favorable business climate (not that that would be the reason to elect him). The columnist interviewed a lot of businesses that had come to Texas. It was not just lower taxes that brought them; it was an overall favorable business climate and an able workforce that made the difference.

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Henninger has some very nice things to say about Texas and its work ethic:

"In 1990, one of the world's biggest companies, Exxon Mobil, left New York City for Dallas. Exxon's former CEO, Lee Raymond, says the move in part was indeed about costs and New York State's notoriously overbearing tax authority. But it was also about working amid a culture of competence. ‘It's just the attitude in Texas of getting things done and doing them well,' he says.

"Mr. Raymond remarks that the economic policies that in time trapped the Northeast and Rust Belt in spirals of decline never touched Texas. But this is about something beyond low taxes and no unions: ‘In Texas the people tend to be farmers or individual businessmen, and they have this attitude: We have to make do with what we have and work together to get things done and survive. It's can-do. That attitude permeates everything there.'"

And while the part of me that is deep-roots Texan likes to believe that somehow we are special, the part of me that has been to 49 states and 60 countries smiles a little at my pride. I find that same attitude in Maine, where I go fishing in the summer. And in Atlanta, where I will be next week. And in New York City, and Colorado. Everywhere I go I find people wanting and willing to work hard.

It is not just the US, either. As I noted a few weeks ago, the Irish may be at each other's throats with their politics, but they are united in their desire to "sell" Ireland as a center for business (and the jobs businesses bring). And while the Dutch work many fewer hours than we do in the US, their productivity is manifest and their export power per person is amazing. South Africa? Thailand? Japan? China? I could go on and on. Everywhere I go I see the drive to excel and get things done. Yes, with different local emphases, but with that same basic human drive.

"A more recent corporate immigrant [to Texas], Alan Boeckmann, until recently CEO of Fluor Corp., the engineering and construction firm, says regulatory and legal hassles pushed Fluor out of California. Congress passed Sarbanes-Oxley, but ‘California had its own version.' There were constant class-action suits over Fluor's benefits. ‘It could have been settled, but not in California. That's how the game is played there.'

"When word of the 2006 move got out, ‘California made no attempt to keep us.' In Texas, ‘things started to happen quickly, without us initiating them.' The Irving Chamber of Commerce did orientation sessions for employees and spouses, even helping with new-house searches. Or ‘little things': Irving on its own renamed a street Fluor Drive, which in California or the Northeast would be laughable. Those Texas rubes!"

But the workers of California are no slouches. Witness Silicon Valley. And the amazing biotech companies of Southern California. And California farm productivity is legendary.

Yet certain states seem to be the beneficiaries of businesses moving to them from certain other states. The data on that is compelling. Lower taxes? Less regulation? Lower costs? (Certainly no one chooses Texas for the weather. I left San Francisco yesterday and could only wish for days like that in Texas.)

Let's hold that thought on business-friendly states for a few paragraphs and turn to two other op-eds in a weekend edition of the Wall Street Journal from a few weeks ago. The first was by Peggy Noonan, who may be the most gifted writer and commentator of our times. The Weekend Journal is where you can find her, on Saturday mornings. This particular column was poignant, as she was focusing on the angst she sees in the world outside Washington:

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"Look, we are in a remarkable moment and I'm not sure we're noticing it in the day-to-day of politics and media. Last week I wrote of the new patriotism that I see taking hold of the American establishment, if that's the right word—business leaders, doctors, scientists, entrepreneurs, journalists and lawyers who find themselves feeling a great, deep yearning to help save their country. That public-spiritedness is waiting to be harnessed and led by good men and women who, in words I'll explain in a moment, have passion not for themselves but for America.

"What's behind it is fear. The economy is tanking and can take a whole world with it. But what's interesting—and new—is that the fear is not finding its expression (again, among those loosely described as the establishment) in rage, or in deeper partisan antagonism. Democrats could be feeling bitter and snarky: President Obama didn't work, and they're not in love with him anyway, so why not bash Republicans just for fun? Republicans could be feeling mindlessly triumphant: We're on the verge of a major victory, make way for your new rulers. But that's not what I'm seeing. What I'm seeing is a new convergence of thought among Democrats and Republicans who are not in Washington and not part of the political matrix. They are in new agreement about our essential problems and priorities: that the economy comes first, all other crises (in foreign affairs, in our culture) come second, because they cannot be helped without an economy that is healthy and growing. They all agree—no one really argues about this anymore—the government is going bankrupt. They all agree the entitlement system has to be reformed. Heck, they all respect Paul Ryan, for his seriousness. They all want grown-ups to come forward with ideas that maybe each party wouldn't love but that might do the country some good.

"That is what I see in every business and professional meeting, in conversations with Democrats and Republicans: a new convergence of thought among the thoughtful."

She then goes on to describe two focus groups she watched that week of "Wal-Mart moms," one in Iowa and the other in Orlando, Florida. A few strategic quotes:

"In Orlando they were asked to describe in a word or two how things are going in the country. The responses: ‘Depressing,' ‘different,' ‘discouraged,' ‘sour' and ‘bad.' Any positive words to describe our country right now? Silence. How, asked the moderator, do you see our economic troubles in your life? ‘I see it every day in my job,' one woman said. Two weeks ago her company put up a posting for a position. Two hundred fifty applicants responded, ‘all overqualified.'

"Another: ‘Most houses in my neighborhood are under foreclosure or for sale.' Another: ‘If I had the financial stability I think I'd just get out of here.'

"…What do they want in a political leader? Someone who cares about ‘Jane Doe on Main Street that can't pay her electric bill.' Someone ‘with passion not for himself but for America.'

"Do elected officials in Washington know how you live? In Orlando there was a chorus of noes: ‘They have a bunch of chefs cook for them.' ‘They're more privileged.' ‘They're compensated above and beyond their salaries. They have health care.'

"Do they care about you? ‘No, not so much.' ‘They won't care till they're affected.' What do you want Washington to do? From Iowa: ‘Fix it.' ‘Start looking at the big picture.'

What do you want from leaders. From Iowa: ‘Someone who isn't hollow.' "

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"They all said they care about 2012. They all said they'd vote.

"We are in a remarkable moment. Everyone understands the stakes. Everyone wants action. From comfortable professionals to people barely scraping by, everyone wants both parties to work together, to think of our country and not themselves.

"And of course everyone really gets this except Washington, which says it gets it and doesn't. But those who think 2012 is just a clash of big parties had better wake up. They think they're pulling and pushing in a tug of war, but they are dancing on the precipice."

Precipice indeed. It is the Endgame. We are watching it play out in Europe, but we all know it will come to our own shores all too soon if we do not act. I hear this everywhere I go. The meeting I had with those ten Senators a month ago resonated with readers. I get asked over and over, "Do you think they understand? Will they do something?" Most of the times their voices are tinged with hope. Sometimes, though, it's resignation, and the follow-up questions are in the "How do I protect my family and survive this?" vein.

Reading Peggy's article invoked deep empathy, as those women could be my kids and their friends (and yes, we shop at Wal-Mart, among other places). Watching Occupy Wall Street just underscores the frustration out there. And then I read the column below Noonan's, by Mary Kay Henry, president of the Service Employees International Union. She argues that:

"The hard truth is that things are pretty lousy for most Americans right now. And while students, seniors and workers didn't cause our economic collapse, we're the ones paying the price. It's been three years since Wall Street CEOs crashed our economy. When Wall Street was on its knees, the American taxpayers came to their rescue with trillions of dollars in bailouts and promise from the big banks that they'd invest in our recovery.

"Instead, the banks used our hard-earned tax dollars to enrich themselves. They robbed millions of Americans of their jobs and their livelihoods. They refuse to invest in the small businesses that drive America's job creation and growth. And they continue to kick us while we're down by foreclosing on millions of families.

Mary Kay sounded the refrain about millionaires and billionaires and then said:

"…We can't begin to fix what is wrong with our economy without creating good jobs. We have work that needs doing in this country and millions of Americans looking for full-time work. It's time to put the two together to make America a stronger nation. And it's time to use the money being made on Wall Street and in corporate boardrooms across the country to put Americans back to work.

"Congress can begin by passing the American Jobs Act and immediately put Americans to work rebuilding our outdated and dangerous roads and bridges and ensuring our kids have first-class schools. We can invest in our communities to keep teachers in our classrooms, police on the beat, health-care workers at our hospitals and clinics, and ensure that we have enough firefighters to protect our communities."

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The disconnect between the two columns simply leaped at me. Both note the angst that is palpable in the country (and around the world in developed countries). But one called for adults coming together and the other struck a severely partisan note, which I guess you might expect from the head of a government workers' union.

Which brings us to the question, "What is the role of government in creating jobs?" To answer that, let's look at the data that shows us where jobs come from. And we find (I go in-depth on this in previous columns and in Endgame) that net new jobs for the last 15 years came from new business start-ups. Big business is a net drag on job creation, and small businesses are a wash. Governments have seen job growth, but where does the money come to pay government employees?

Net new jobs come from new businesses (defined as those started within the last ten years). Yes, some of those businesses become Google and others are the local dry cleaner or donut shop. But those start-ups (if they survive) are the source of new jobs.

Let's Tax the Millionaires

Ms. Henry wants to tax the millionaires, as if they are somehow sucking the system dry and should "pay their fair share." Her answer is to tax them and hire more government workers. But that simply transfers income from one party to another and does nothing to create real wealth. And this has been brought home to me recently in a very personal way.

My youngest son, Trey, has been spending a lot of time with a new friend, and I decided I needed to meet his father. I went to their home to check them out. The father, Larry, was from South Africa and had just moved to my neighborhood from Utah. He said he was in software design. We became friends, and one day I probed a little deeper into what he did.

It turns out that he had designed a system (and patented it) that automatically triggers a "911" call (the US emergency number) if you are in an auto accident, as long as your (smart) cell phone is on. Yes, the phone can recognize when you are in a vehicle and there is an impact, and that is different from dropping the phone or even throwing it into a wall. It can notify family members (or friends) if there is an accident and tell them where you are. It will work in almost any country. If a button is hit, it can silently call emergency services. It can also track your kids or employees and let you know all sorts of things you ask it, but that's another story.

But he was in the middle of a funding crisis. I watched for several months as he struggled for money to finish his project. It was 98% of the way there, with thousands of paying users in "beta." It was cheap. It worked. There was demand. But he was losing his funding. Why?

His original source had been a wealthy entrepreneur who had a "liquidity event," selling his business for a large sum. As part of his reinvestment, he funded, with a small part of his money, a venture capital firm that had the goal of investing in 40 start-ups, mostly in high tech, which was where he had made his original money. I talked with the manager of the fund. The story was typical of others I have heard.

In just a few years, 10 of the original 40 had already been shut down or sold off. But the manager was not discouraged. Their plan was in the end to get ten businesses that survived and were successful. Think about that for a minute. A lousy 25% success rate?!? Would you start a business if you thought there was a 75% chance of failure? Really? Would you fire a manager who had 75% of his projects fail?

Understand, they had looked at multiple hundreds of business ideas to get to that 40. Those were the best ideas they saw. They initially thought every single one had a chance of success or they would not have funded them.

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But Michael Gerber would say they were being optimistic. Gerber was a very real influence on me as a young entrepreneur. He wrote a book, originally called The E-Myth, on what really makes a business work. He cited studies that suggested that 80% of all new businesses fail within five years and that 80% of the remainder fail, are sold, or shut down within another five years. Now that is creative destruction, if not outright Darwinism. He has since gone on to write a lot of books and to help many entrepreneurs, but I have never forgotten those first lessons. ( – I would suggest that any entrepreneur read his books.)

Do you think that because you like to make pies and are good at it you can open a pie shop? (his illustration). You'll soon find out you are not just in the pie-making business. You have inventory, employees, payroll, marketing, budgeting, customers, taxes, government forms, regulations, etc. They take your time away from doing what you thought you were good at.

I grew up in a print shop. And when I was in my 20s I found out I could sell. And because I knew printing and could sell, I opened a print shop. Several times. You would think I would have learned. Starting a business is more than just having technical knowledge or skills. It is a host of things, and it is very hard to make one work. But the good news is that optimism triumphs over reality, and as a society we all benefit from those who take the risks and figure it out. And jobs get created.

The rich entrepreneur who funded Larry's start-up? His basic business and investments hit a bump in the recession. He had to reduce his funding commitments, and one of those casualties was Larry, who went into scramble mode when his next source also went upside down.

I did my homework, brought in some people who understood what Larry was doing, and decided to make an offer. Larry took it. I got in for much less than the original investor in terms of dollar-for-equity, but that's what I wanted for the risk. We'll see how it works out. (Note to self: go see that private fund manager and find out what the heck the businesses are that he thought were worth continuing to fund, if you funded his leftovers. You might learn something.)

The point? The entrepreneur with his venture capital firm is one of those millionaires that some want to raise taxes on. If you take another 5% from him, that is 5% less that he can invest.

I am somewhat like him, on a much, much smaller scale. I am a serial entrepreneur. I can't help myself. (Is there a 12-step program?) I won't pretend that if my taxes go up 5% from where they are today, I won't start or invest in a business if the right opportunity comes along. But that is 5% less that I have to use for risk capital. At some point along the tax curve the risk is not worth it. And that 5% may actually represent 30-50% of the annual growth in my risk capital, as venture capital is the very last part of my residual capital and income that gets allocated.

Multiply that by one million potential entrepreneurs, just in the US. There is a certain portion of the human breed that is by nature and instinct entrepreneurial. They see opportunity and look for ways and means to make it happen. Family, friends, and so-called "angel" investors fund these start-ups. More and more we see quasiformal networks of angel investors forming. They often go in together and mentor and help start-up companies and businesspeople.

These are the millionaires who are somehow not paying their fair share. Yes, there are Wall Street bankers and some professionals that make large salaries, but most of the high-income earners in the US are owners/founders/investors in small business, or got that way as a result of a small business that became larger and successful. Some become Bill Gates or Steve Jobs – the billionaires. But those successes are rare, very rare.

(Sidebar: I am so tired of hearing about Warren Buffet's low tax rates. Berkshire Hathaway pays billions in taxes. Which, since Warren owns a chunk of BH, are essentially paid by him. Since he doesn't require that much to live on, his effective tax is in the 1,000%-plus range. Therefore he pays a lot more than his secretary. )

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Without growth in private GDP, or the portion of GDP that is not government-related, there will be no job growth for the rest of this decade. Private GDP has been flat for 15 years (in real terms). The chart below shows how important government spending has been to official GDP figures.

The "growth" of the economy has been in government spending and debt. But that source of growth is going away as governments are increasingly constrained by revenue losses and debt. We can talk all we want about how we need to make a commitment to government jobs, but the reality is that we are at the Endgame of government spending, both in the US and in Europe.

How do we grow our way out of the current crisis? We have to have more private-sector jobs. Period. End of story. And that means we have to figure out how to make it easier for entrepreneurs to find and access capital. Taking capital away from investors who fund these start-ups will not do the trick.

Let me hasten to say I am not against government spending or taxes. A certain level of government spending is necessary. And as I outlined at length in Endgame, I am all for increasing energy taxes (slowly over time), to be used 100% to rebuild our crumbling infrastructure (funding goes directly to local and state governments), which, yes, produces government-financed jobs. But we simply do not have the funds to take national taxes to fund local needs, no matter how worthy. If something is needed on a local or state level, that must become a local funding issue. If California wants to pay its prison guards $100,000 a year, that is their choice. Or pick a state, any state – they all have needs. We have plenty in Texas that needs funding, for sure.

It is time to hit the send button, so let me close by saying that we really do want your input on this new jobs book. Dunk and I and the other writers want to contribute to the national conversation that we must have next year. It is a very timely and worthy topic, and there is much more to say. It is not simply "support your new small businesses." It is far more complex and will take a book to go into the detail that is needed.

We want your input and ideas. Put "jobs" in the subject line. Let's start an adult conversation by exploring the nuances of how jobs are created and how we can help the process.

Kilkenny, Atlanta, DC, and Home

As noted at the top, I am in Kilkenny, Ireland. I got off the plane, drove to Kilkenny, and saw posters with quotes from me on the walls around town. That was different. I was almost immediately grabbed by host and event organizer David McWilliams, for what I was told was the #1 radio talk show in the country. Very thoughtful host and large, sold-out crowd for the show. The first panel session was tonight. I found myself in an unusual role. Normally I am the radical in the group. Here it was a very mixed crowd, liberals and conservatives and everyone ready to mix it up, along with some very funny stand-up comedians! And tomorrow I am on three panels or speaking events. Lots of readers were in the audience, and it is all quite fun; although, when I talk about reducing deficits I am not used to getting boos and cheers at the same time. Like I said, interesting and fun.

I am in Atlanta on Wednesday for the Hedge Fund Cares fundraiser (along with Tiffani). The team that is hosting the event wants me to point out that there are a few spots for lunch still available. Contact them for cost and details. It is at the Piedmont Driving Club, which is the most exclusive "old-money" club in Atlanta – Driving Miss Daisy was filmed there. It sounds like a really cool venue. And it is for charity.

I then go the following week to Washington, where I will be at the National UBS conference for a few days; and then I am home until mid-January, or at least I don't have to get on a plane unless I want to. As much as I enjoy meeting people and seeing new places, I am looking forward to being home for an extended time.

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Tomorrow I will wander around Kilkenny and visit the local castle and learn some of the history. This was the first capital of Ireland, and there are some VERY old buildings here (as in 900 years plus). And walking back tonight I got the sense of a very lovely place. I will probably want to come back.

Have a great week. And go out and tell an entrepreneur thanks.

Your hoping that I can be in that 20% a few times in a row analyst,

John Mauldin Thoughts from the Frontline
John Mauldin

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David Anderson 26013
Nov. 6, 2011, 8:35 p.m.

Ronald Reagan taxed the middle class and gave it to the wealthy. “Trickle down” economics was supposed to empower the wealthy to make more jobs for the middle class, but after thirty years of trickle down economics, we have more unemployed middle class workers than at any time since the great depression and more hedge funds than ever for the wealthy. The wealthy clearly do not know how how to create jobs in America. Why do people criticize government for not creating jobs while calling for smaller government while corporations are sitting on large cash reserves. Instead of buying back shares, why don’t businesses try improving our competitive edge with the rest of the world by increasing R and D? Stop looking at the next quarter and start building for the next twenty years. Make compensation based on a minimum of the next five years. If an executive is not willing to wait that long, he/she lacks that vision/leadership America needs.

Stan Haye
Nov. 6, 2011, 3:11 p.m.

Given that there are a few (probably very few) good guy investors like you who use thier tax cuts to create jobs here, my strong belief is that most investors use their tax cuts to create jobs in China. Unless there are hard numbers to disprove my belief I am strongly in favor of taxing the heck out of the 1 percent. The Chinese are nice people, I suppose, but we should not be using our money to create jobs for them.

H Barrientos
Nov. 6, 2011, 2:59 p.m.

Hbarrientos.  (Excuse me for the grammar, I am not American). It is obvious there is not a magic solution for the jobs problem. We know that because the best brains in the country and the politicians have not been able to do it in several years now. As I tell my students at the University, defining the problem is the first step to the solution.
The problems are that we are in the middle of a major shift in the social history of mankind. From hunting to technology. As you must have realized by now, technology and machines, have absorbed millions of particular JOBS, jobs that will not return ever like tellers at banks etc.  - I.E. if you help Banks with money they will active many teller machines and one teller human supervisor - In other words, the country is being run with less people (less jobs) So the firs basic steps are 1 Eventually Machines will provide food and shelter to everybody, in the meantime, this has to be done indefinitely for now to the needed.
2. - Programs to limit the population grow will have to be enacted immediately.  Make treaties with Canada or other countries to send people to colonies in those territories 3. - National Deficit has to be lowered, meaning less expenditure. Meaning to assume the responsibility of world affairs equal to the other superpowers, contributions to others countries equal, contributions of any kind equal (ONU UNESCO etc.) Police of the world terminated, wars religious wars terminated, enough punish to Afghanistan or Iraq, occupations terminated.  In Terror war try a truce if possible.  4. - Money will have to be directed to producing food. Increase education to cope with a more technical world and research to maintain leadership in technology. 5. - Mayor works have to be started, Dams, build many towns dedicated to produce food, modernize the basic industries,, keep research in the production of energy, force lower consumption of oil. 6. Unfortunately if raising taxes to the upper class is necessary so be it, to control or minimize hunger riots, providing food and shelter to the needed… 7- In a Globalized world, with the future of the market going overseas, some kind of compromise is mandatory between the companies and the state regarding foreign labor, national labor and repatriation of revenue.

Don Braswell
Nov. 6, 2011, 12:35 p.m.

From Mary Kay Henry: “and ensuring our kids have first-class schools.”  We already have some of the nicest schools in the world,  MUCH better than my mother’s schools in 1930’s rural Texas.  Yes some are old, but kids used to learn Shakespeare on dirt floors (At least my grandmother learned it on a dirt floor in a 1910 Texas town.)  Can we build a quality education system?  Talk to a teacher for a while and they will probably tell you they cannot with the current culture.  The bottom half of each student body I have seen is “busy” doing the minimum.  “If it weren’t the minimum, then it wouldn’t be good enough” is a common refrain.  “I just want to make sure he passes” is another refrain from the parents. 
  Let’s do the math.  If Johnnie and Susie make a 70% all through their high school years, then they have only learned about 70% of the available material.  70% of 12 years = 8.4 years.  Trust me, I’ve seen the “exit exams.” for a couple of states (CA, TX and RI)  These exams are written for the 8th grade level.  Schools in high schools often create an 8th grade level of learning so that these students can cross that threshold.   
  Trust me again, it’s not the teachers.  Every teacher I have met is trying their hardest to be a mom/dad, cheerleader, provide discipline, and eventually teach their subject while trying to get the students to perform.  They are the only profession that attempts to deliver a product (a quality education) to their customers (the students); a product that the consumer desperately needs (the students all KNOW they need a good education and the KNOW they need to attend college to get a good job one day); BUT the students often choose a lower quality product : a grade of 70 in the simple classes.  They do this because it is what their friends are doing (peer pressure) and what their parents allow them to do. 
  Are the parents involved?  For many, their involvement is a phone call to the teachers asking how Johnnie is doing.  Or their involvement is a simple question to Johnnie, “Have you finished your homework?” Guess what Johnnie’s answer will be if he/she knows the parent won’t look at the homework?  Do the parents spend a simple 1 hour each week going over their homework?  Probably not.  Remember, these are often the same parents who will spend 10+ hours for sporting events all week long. 
  What should the parents be doing?  I often wonder how many have even bought the books series, “What Your 1st/2nd…6th Grader Needs to Know.”  Not too many parents because it’s ranked #6,595 in Books on Amazon.Com.  Odd, because their kids NEED to know these things.  And they need to see their parents deliver it to them - not just a teacher.  How many parents will tell their children, “I can’t help you with that,” or even worse, “I was never any good at math.”  Either of these comments gives the student / child a ready excuse to not perform - and to shoot for the minimum.  Contrast that with the homeschooling mom/dad who has read these books and delivered them to her children.  It is not a fluke that home-schooled kids don’t need a fancy school - just a simple room - to excel.  Can grandparents help?  You bet - it’s a village remember?     
  Bottom line?  Don’t get me wrong - sometimes a school has almost 25% in the more difficult class, and these students are working hard.  But the disparity in culture between these students and the bottom 25% is why our education system is broken - it’s a systemic mix of community standards, parents, children and teachers.  Every study I’ve read points to the importance of community standards, good teachers / schools.  BUT the most important factor?  Good parents.  Truly involved parents - parents who know more than the teacher about their children.  More teachers and more money didn’t break education, and they can’t fix it either.

Benjamin Bayer
Nov. 6, 2011, 5:48 a.m.

On the topic of small things governments can do to create jobs:  New Mexico has the JTIP program, Job Training Incentive Program, which my employer recently used to hire a bunch of engineers and got the state government to pick up their salary for the first 6 months.  That’s not really long enough to train them but it helps; a sort of apprenticeship program.

Here are some links:

Apprenticeships are common in high-manufacturing-base countries, like Germany.  It addresses the skill mismatch problem that millions of Americans are facing (and I faced, a few years ago.)  I was lucky, my new employer was willing to train me, so I could start over that way.  It’s a much changed situation today.  non-PhD engineers need not apply.

There are re-shoring opportunities in right-to-work states, with non-union workforces.  But the obstacle is large-scale training to prepare workers for the modern, highly automated factories (where PhDs can truly be at home, by the way).

William McCarthy
Nov. 6, 2011, 3:30 a.m.


As Pogo said; “We have found the enemy. And, he is us.” Our societal malaise is top down and bottom up. As a local government economic development professional and executive for twenty-eight years I have helped many businesses expand. Sadly, much of my professional experience was in redeveloping old abandoned manufacturing sites into logistics, service center, retail and office uses. The replacement jobs usually paid less and job density was often much less per land or building area.

Many of the lost or departing businesses were casualties of globalism; other business closings were due to technical obsolescence. The names were household names such as Uniroyal, Firestone, Goodyear, U.S. Steel, Crownzellerbach, American Home Products or Chrysler. My community had been an industrial center since the 1920’s. I am proud of the contributions my profession enabled me to make; however, I have always been troubled by what I percieved as loss.

I don’t know if I have any answers; but, I have an impression that our country has been sold down the river and sacrificed on the alter of globalism. And, that the American worker is just a casualty of some grand vision that eminates from the elites of this country. My thesis is pretty straight forward. The cause of global integration has resulted in an aberrant national trade, foreign and defense policy that exchanges American jobs and the right to sell into our markets for the new global order. I do not see this as an evil; but, I do feel that the pace of this change is problematic. And, that capital, being mobile with greater foreknowledge, is front running this change, arbitraging labor cost variances and in essence milking this old cow (America) for all she is worth before sending her to the glue factory. And, that the excessive use of debt to sustain American consumers as the buyer of last resort; plus, excessive debt to artifically juice the economy has brought us to the brink.

On the flip side we have too much government that acts like “overhead” and is a drag on our economy in the form of burden costs and regulation. This flows through all levels and forms of government. And, like business, government needs to go through its own period of Schumpter’s creative destruction. I have watched local government lose 25% of revenues and downsize its workforce 25% and yet continue to deliver substantially the same services to the public. This is not a universal; but, just like business we get fat during the fat years. Union’s, pensions, and number of emplyees are symtomatic of the problem. We need to go through a national Federal, State and Local government right sizing process. Use these savings to revitalize our infrastructure instead of redistribution for the sake of consumption.

Lastly, there is an entitlement expectation indemic in our society that needs to be excised from the national psyche. While my politics tend to be conservative, I have worked for liberal urban communties and conservative suburban communities. I can assure you “the something for nothing or free lunch crowd” is alive and well in both. Personally, I see the tax the millionaires solution as nothing more than a joke. We will not get enough to make a difference. We should rationalize the tax give aways in our tax policy. Subsidies for ethanol or the inefficient conversion of food into energy are a hoax. However, the bottom line is that the tax burden needs to be increased and work its way down the income scale while income redistribution needs to be reduced not enhanced. My prescription…..........................pain!

Justin McCarthy

Larry Shea
Nov. 6, 2011, 1:42 a.m.

JOBS: Regarding your statement: “They all agreeâ??no one really argues about this anymoreâ??the government is going bankrupt.”  My number one recommendation is that our legislators should NOT cut the deficit too quickly, too drastically. If we have learned anything about economics since the Great Depression, we should have learned that huge cuts in Gov’t spending during a severe recession is a jobs killer. Yes, let’s form a plan to cut our deficit and even balance the U.S. budget, but let’s do it very gradually over, say, a 7 to 10 year timeframe.  These Republican candidates who talk about putting in a balanced budget amendment NOW, if they succeeded, would throw us into a depression.  We have got to give the private economy TIME to make up for a sharp drop in gov’t spending. We’re already seeing significant cuts in state gov’t spending.  All of this, in isolation, tends to reduce aggregate demand for goods, and therefore reduces the need for jobs and production.  Second recommendation: give an immediate and automatic green card to any immigrant who comes to the USA and invests a half-million or more, and also hires 10 or more people.

Rob R
Nov. 6, 2011, 1:34 a.m.

“severly partisan…”  What a joke.  You accuse someone else of what you just did. 

You’ve bought the right wing myth that lower taxes increase productivity, investment and output - this is accepted gospel even by Dems now. However, history shows times of high tax rates are more productive and healthier economically. Historical charts show that as tax rates have been lowered, economic output has slowed it’s rate of growth. How could this be? Well, if you want to be wealthy, and have the means or ability, you are forced to work harder and produce more in a high tax rate system.  The idea that the wealthy will choose to forgo wealth producing opportunties is ridiculous.

Further, in a high tax rate system you do all you can to lower your taxable income - you do that with investment into your business, including hiring. This leads to a virtuous upward cycle - your investment is sales for other companies, and your hiring is more money for consumers who are put to work, which leads to more business for other companies.

Conversely, today, with low tax rates companies and the top 1% are richer than ever before and refuse to spend because they don’t have to… and of course because there is no consumer demand for most of the businesses like would like to fund.

Low tax rates also help you attain your goals sooner, so you stop putting in effort sooner. So while we all hate taxes and I personally do not want them raised for my own selfish reasons, I call BS on those who say lower taxes lead to more investment and more productivity.

Said Armutcuoglu
Nov. 5, 2011, 11:01 p.m.

How come oing after those that orchestrated the war in Iraq based on lies, costing us $5.5 trillion? How bout those that ruined our financial situation with the Wall
Street bailouts?
Tax the consumers. If someone wants to live in a 20000 sq ft home, he should bay disproportiane taxes. Why is a aver that lives in a 2 bedroom renter doesn’t get tax breaks? The guy who wants to drive a maybach should pay higher taxes. Not the guy that invests, receives interest income or dividends or capital gains

John Mack
Nov. 5, 2011, 9:08 p.m.

I am all for three things:

1. New government spending on infrastructure, especially in keeping water and sewer systems safe and up to date. the Americas society of Civil Engineers has a list, state by state, of neglected infrastructure projects at

2. No taxes for five years on start-ups and on capital gains from start-ups for 12 years (start-ups in the USA). Simplified start-up filings and investment documents.

3. Federal “bridge” capital to help states/municipalities to change from defined benefit pension systems to defined contribution pension systems plus social security. This will relieve local governments of onerous future fiscal obligations while providing fair pensions and adding more people to the ranks of those who pay social security taxes.

4. While keeping 2 above in place, rescind the Bush tax cuts. The money is primarily being used for financial speculation, not investment in new businesses.

5.  Break up the big banks, when them from cheap money from the Fed, and pass a law forbiusiing any bail-out funds for banks. Put an orderly bankruptcy plan in place.

6. Reduce the Defense/War budget by 25-50% over the next 10 years.

7. Eliminate any role for the federal government in primary and secondary education.

8. Institute a progressive War Tax that will automatically go into effect whenever US troops enter another country for combat. Everyone pays something, but the % goes up by income. Special ops, no fly embargoes and humanitarian missions are exempted.

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